The oral mucosa covers the inside of the mouth and includes a layered epithelium and an underlying supportive connective tissue.
Fibrous connective tissue creates the supporting texture for oral mucosa: it consists of a dense network of collagen, elastin and fibroblast fibers, the latter responsible for the synthesis of other components of the extracellular matrix.
This connective layer is highly vascularized, which is why it is the source of nourishment for the entire oral mucosa.
Most of the physiological functions in the mouth are regulated by saliva, an exocrine secretion consisting of 99% of water plus 1% of electrolytes and proteins.
Continuous salivary flow, hydrates and lubricates our mouth lining.
"Connectives are the supporting texture of mouth lining"
At the side of a predominant watery component, the composition of saliva contains many electrolites, immunoglobulins, enzymes, nitrogen products and glycoproteins.
Reduction of salivary flow, as well as the depletion of some of its elements, may become a danger of danger for mouth lining.
Among these, glycoproteins play a key role. They are essential to facilitate the removal of external agents, ensuring integrity and protection, carrying out a activity similar to the one done by mucus on the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. In addition, they have low solubility, high viscosity and strong adhesiveness that allows these glycoproteins to remain on the surface of the tooth, favouring mineral adhesion (mineralization).
"...glicoproteins play a key role"
It is important to protect mouth lining by nourishing it with basic elements of this vital fluid: collagen is the most important glycoprotein of our organism, densely present in the bone, in the skin, as well as into biological secretions, including saliva.
It is also subject to continuous loss that results in the weakening of organs and tissues where collagen plays a key role. Its intake cannot happen just with food, as native collagen is poorly digestible and usable. Hydrolyzed collagen supplementation, present in a form readily assimilated (peptides and amino acids) is the solution. The body will use these molecules to shape back the glicoprotein which will become again part of the structure of organs and biological fluids it belongs to.